From the enormous variety of wind instruments, which existed from antiquity to the baroque period, the most common woodwind instruments recorder, transverse flute, oboe and bassoon developed up to the time of J. S. Bach (baroque).
From the beginning of the 18th century the clarinet was added bit by bit. By the second half of the 19th century at the latest, the instrument had found its place in the symphony orchestra and became very popular as a solo instrument. This is underlined by the famous clarinet concerto by W. A. Mozart (classical).
Finally, in the 19th century, the saxophone which is made entirely of brass, but belongs to the woodwinds, was added. As with the clarinet, the sound is produced with the help of a reed, and the key system is also almost identical.
The saxophone has never really found its way into the classical symphony orchestra. However, it is the leading wind instrument in jazz, soul, pop and rock music, alongside the trumpet.