Sheet Music by the italian composter Giuseppe Verdi

Similar to his German antipode Richard Wagner, Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901) composed almost exclusively operas. Verdi's name can almost be seen as an epitome of the Italian opera.

Many of Verdi's 32 operas, along with the operas by W.A. Mozart and the operas by Giacomo Puccini, are among the most frequently performed stage works worldwide.

After initial failures, Verdi achieved his breakthrough in 1842 with Nabucco. In the following two decades a new opera was premiered almost every year.

His absolute masterpieces include operas such as La Traviata, Aida, [Rigoletto](), La Forza del Destino, Macbeth and Don Carlos.

His late works Otello and his comic opera Falstaff are through-composed works. The musical idiom of these works can certainly be regarded as a pioneer of later film music, whereby the works of his contemporaries Giacomo Meyerbeer (France) and especially Richard Wagner really did point the way for the sound of the later Hollywood studios.

Besides the chamber music repertoire and the cantatas, Verdi's Messa da Requiem is considered his most important work outside of the stage.

However, Verdi was not only a highly recognized composer but also a successful farm owner. He was also the founder of a retirement home for former musicians in Milan, which is still in operation today.

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